The effort to ban the exhibition of all exotic animals in circuses is gaining steam across the US.

For instance: here are a few quotes from the New York City Bar Association Animal Law Committee in their support for these bans:

“The tricks that animals are forced to perform in circuses, such as headstands and jumping through rings of fire, often involve physical coercion and abusive tactics. In particular, these are not behaviors animals would perform in nature and, in order to make animals perform them, some exhibitors use training methods that result in trauma, physical injury and, in extreme circumstances, death. Moreover, performances in front of an audience and the attendant loud noise and bright lights cause wild animals stress.”

Ban on circuses using animals:

Stamford, Connecticut prohibits circuses.

San Francisco, California bans all performances by wild and exotic animals in the city, including motion pictures.

Ban on the use of certain animals in circuses:

Santa Fe, New Mexico bans the use of wild or exotic animals in traveling animal shows and circuses.

Portland, Maine bans the use of wild and/or exotic animals in traveling animal acts.

Montgomery County, Maryland bans the use of wild animals in traveling animal acts.

Boulder, Colorado prohibits the display of certain animals in circuses, including elephants and tigers.

Hollywood, Florida prohibits the display of exotic, threatened or endangered species as defined by the United States Department of the Interior, which includes elephants and tigers.

Revere, Massachusetts bans the exhibition of nondomesticated animals for entertainment or amusement purposes.

Richmond, Missouri bans the display of wild or exotic animals in circuses.

Somerville, Massachusetts bans the display of non-domestic animals in circuses.

Ban on animals engaged in unnatural behavior: St. John, Indiana bars circuses from displaying wild animals engaging in “unnatural behavior.”

Ban on implements commonly used to train circus animals: Margate, Florida and Fulton County, Georgia ban the use of bull hooks, whips, electric prods, and similar devices likely to cause pain to animals.Similarly, Los Angeles bans the use of bull hooks and similar devices designed to inflict pain for the purpose of training and controlling the behavior of elephants.

Ban on circuses on public property: Greenburgh, New York prohibits the display or wild or exotic animals on any property in which the town has a property interest. Pasadena, California bans the display of wild or exotic animals on public property in the city.

Several countries have also banned the use of animals in circuses. Indeed, Scotland, Italy, and Ireland passed such legislation in 2017. The following is a partial list of some countries that have such bans:

Austria bans the use of wild animals in circuses.

Bolivia prohibits the use of both wild and domestic animals in circuses.

Greece bans the use of all animals in circuses.

India bans lions, tigers, monkeys, panthers and bears from performing in circuses.

Iran bans issuance of permits allowing the use of wildlife in circuses.

Ireland bans circuses from using wild animals.

Israel bans the use of wild animals in circuses.

The Italian Parliament adopted legislation requiring circuses to phase out their use of animals.

Mexico bans on the use of wild animals in circuses.

The Netherlands bans the use of wild animals in circuses.

Paraguay bans the use of wild animals in circuses.

Peru bans the use of wild animals in circuses.

Scotland bans the use of non-domesticated animals for performance or exhibition in travelling circuses.

Singapore bans travelling circuses that display wild animals.

Read their whole report here.